Main Article Content
The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of headmasters’ transformational leadership towards teachers’ sense of efficacy. Purportedly, headmasters’ transformational leadership is known to enhance teachers’ sense of efficacy and indirectly increase student achievement. A questionnaire adapted from MLQ5x (Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire) and TSES (Teacher Sense of Efficacy) was used in conducting this research. The total sample consisted of 293 primary school teachers from under-enrolled schools in Port Dickson district, selected by using purposive sampling. The results showed that headmasters’ intellectual stimulation (β = .336, p ≤ 0.05) significantly predicted the students’ engagement in learning. Again, headmasters’ intellectual stimulation (β = .291, p ≤ 0.05) was also found to significantly predict classroom management. Furthermore, headmasters’ idealized influence (β = .310, p ≤ 0.05) significantly predict the instructional strategies. Overall, the research result can impact headmasters in underenrolled primary schools to review and enhance their leadership and provide a better understanding of the dimensions of headmasters’ transformational leadership behavior toward teachers’ sense of efficacy that promote high-quality teaching and learning classroom in future.